The role of digital technologies in the operation and management of virtual power plants and renewable energy systems

renewable energy systems

India is going through a massive transformation, one of which is “Digital India”. From bank transfers to ordering food has become digital, renewable energy is not left behind with its traditional means. Renewable energy power plants are going through a digital transformation called “virtual power plants”. It is a by-product of digitalisation where virtual meets power plant. These virtual power plants have physical and cyber functions where security, stability and efficiency come under physical and communication, and privacy and digitalising come under cyber components. The virtual power plant components help the system synchronise and bring out the best potential of renewable energy with efficiency and lower cost. This digitalisation keeps the consumers in control over the planning and operations of the energy system effectively. 

The increasing demand for energy to generate electricity has made renewable energy a booming industry. The traditional generators use fossil gases that emit harmful gases into the atmosphere, causing damage to the environment. These renewable energies like solar plants, wind turbines, hydroelectric plants, and biogas put less pressure on traditional generators and reduce the consumer’s cost on electricity bills and help the environment stay toxin-free. When virtual power plants step in, it helps the consumer have complete control of the energy system and ensure a better understanding of energy production and consummation. It also makes it easier for consumers to control different energy structures like solar and wind hybrid systems and maximises energy productivity. 

Types of Virtual Power Plants

There are two types of virtual power plants: commercial virtual power plants and technical virtual power plants. The commercial power plant focuses on the system’s economic aspects, which are lower on investments but yield high profits. Whereas in technical power plants, the system collects different information that helps maximise the capacity and improve the efficiency of the power plant. 

Whatever type of virtual power plant they are, the significant aspect of the digital power plant is the control system. It is the core of any power plant as it manages, controls, and coordinates every part of the power plant and collects data to improve its efficiency. It is high on performance, balances energy, controls temperature, and gas and heat storage. It also helps you calculate the excess energy to sell to the state grid, which allows monetary requirements.

There are a few challenges with virtual power plants in India, like policies, insufficient infrastructure and technology, poor participation of foreign companies and threats via cyber security. They can surpass these challenges by taking the proper steps to benefit the environment, increase renewable energy needs, and change India into a renewable energy-sufficient country. It is highly beneficial for businesses and homeowners, which helps increase property value and low-cost living and makes it useful in the energy trading market. 

In conclusion, Renewable energy is the requirement at this time in India for the betterment of the country and future generations. Digital technology adding to renewable energy can be a game changer in the energy industry and create numerous benefits for everyone. Many virtual power plant providers, like AMP Energy India, is coming up with virtual power plant solution to make it easier for their consumers and help them with sustainable living. Their website has excellent solutions to help everyone with their renewable energy requirements.